Open Governance is not about releasing information on ‘as they please’ basis. But, having a system that is truly transparent.
Before Blockchain we had centralized systems or computers owned by respective organizations. Data was stored on these computers and few were revealed to people.
An organization doesn’t own the computers on a blockchain. Here computers contributed by people around the world work together to execute programs. Data and code are replicated to every computer in the network. By design information on a blockchain is publicly visible and cannot be altered.
Can blockchain be used for governance because of its inbuilt features of transparency and immutability?
Moving the entire government to blockchain immediately is not practical. But some of its parts can be moved.
Researchers from the University of London have made a proof of concept for afair and transparent government tender process using Blockchain.
Tender is a process by which governments and financial institutions invite bids for large projects that must be submitted within a finite deadline.
Researchers have suggested these following conditions to ensure fair and transparent tendering process.
1.Once the government opens a tender with certain description they cannot change it. Each tender includes evaluation criteria to select the best possible bid. It’s not fair for the government to change the criteria to favour a particular commercial organization.
2.Bids must be kept confidential until the tender closes. Bids are not be tampered with. Organizations shouldn’t be able to find out if others have placed a bid or not.
3.The government can only publish the bids after the tender is closed. Bids can be made public so that losing organizations, citizens, and interested parties can evaluate the whole bidding process.
4.The government shouldn’t be able to reject proposals based on their biases. The process should ensure confidentiality, privacy, and integrity. The tender process should be auditable and the decisions should be supported by evidence.
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